Duygu Yıldırım studies early modern history of science and medicine within the intellectual cultures of the Ottoman Empire and the early modern Europe. Her dissertation, "The Age of the Perplexed: Translating Nature and Bodies between the Ottoman Empire and Europe, 1650-1730," questions what made medical translations successful, and explains how these translations created new perceptions of nature, human bodies, and faith in the early modern world.
Her research has been recognized with multiple grants from the Social Science Research Council (DPDF 2016 and IDRF 2017), the Renaissance Society of America, the NEH Summer Institute, Rare Book School, the Center for Spatial and Textual Analysis (CESTA) at Stanford, among others. During 2019-20, she is a Geballe Dissertation Prize Fellow at Stanford Humanities Center.
She is also one of the researchers at Natural Things|Ad Fontes Naturae,a global natural history project based out of Stanford's Program in History & Philosophy of Science. In both her individual and collaborative research, she is dedicated to analyzing complex dynamics within cross-cultural scholarly interactions through digital methods.
Her special interests lie in the history of science and medicine from Antiquity to the 19th century, the intellectual and religious culture of the early modern Ottoman world and Western Europe, the Enlightenment with a focus on the idea of progress and human diversity, humanism and scholarly orientalism, and interactions between science and faith.