Gil-il Vardi is a military historian studying dynamics of doctrinal and operational change in military organizations. She is a visiting scholar at the Center for International Security and Cooperation at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, and a fellow at the Hoover Institution. She earned her PhD in International History from the London School of Economics, was a research fellow at the University of Oxford's Program on the Changing Character of War, after which she joined Notre Dame University as a J. P. Moran Family Assistant Professor of Military History. Her articles were published in War in History and the Journal for Strategic Studies. She is currently working on a book manuscript examining the evolution of German military thought in the interwar era, as well as research on Israel's doctrinal lessons from the War of Attrition (1968-1970). At Stanford, she teaches Introduction to Military History, and seminars examining the First and Second World Wars.