“Ch’ongnyŏkch’ŏn sigi e issŏsŏ ŭi chae Chosŏn Ilbonin ŭi ‘naesŏn ilch’e’ chŏngch’aek e taehan hyŏmnyŏk [Japanese Settlers’ Collaboration with ‘Naisen Ittai’ Policy in Colonial Korea under Total War],”
"총력전 시기 재조선 일본인의 ‘내선일체’ 정책에 대한 협력," 아세아연구 통권, 131호 (2008.3): 14-52.
“Ch’ongnyŏkch’ŏn sigi e issŏsŏ ŭi chae Chosŏn Ilbonin ŭi ‘naesŏn ilch’e’ chŏngch’aek e taehan hyŏmnyŏk [Japanese Settlers’ Collaboration with ‘Naisen Ittai’ Policy in Colonial Korea under Total War],” Asea Yŏn’gu [Asian Studies] (Seoul: Koryŏ Taehakkyo) 131 (March 2008).
A revised version of this article appears in Henry Em and Kwak Chun-hyŏk, eds., Kundaesŏng ŭi yŏksŏl: Han’gukhak kwa Ilbonhak ŭi kyŏnggye lul nŏmo [Entangled Modernities: Crossings between Korean and Japanese Studies], (Seoul: Humanitas, 2009).
This paper examines the role and activities of Japanese settlers in colonial Korea under total war (1937-1945). My aim is to offer an alternative lens through which to probe into the nature of wartime “collaboration,” which is conventionally understood as a bargain struck between a few Korean elites and the Government-General. Rather than mere lackeys of the regime, however, settlers collaborated but with deep ambivalence. I demonstrate how settlers aggressively promoted the process of making Koreans loyal imperial subjects (“imperialization( kōminka)”) on the one hand, and vehemently opposed the process of extending them partial Japanese citizenship (military service, limited suffrage, and universal education) on the other. I argue that such Janus-faced character of settler collaboration created a new set of contradictions that served to destabilize the structure of wartime mobilization from within.